4.2% Sodium Bicarbonate Injection, USP and 1% and 2% Lidocaine HCl Injection, USP by Hospira: Recall
TOPIC: 4.2% Sodium Bicarbonate Injection, USP and 1% and 2% Lidocaine HCl Injection, USP by Hospira: Recall - Due to the Potential for Presence of Glass Particulate Matter AUDIENCE: Patient, Health Professional ISSUE: Hospira, a Pfizer company, is recalling Lot Numbers GJ5007, 42290DK, and GH6567 of 4.2% Sodium Bicarbonate Injection, USP, 5 mEq/10mL vial; 1% Lidocaine HCl Injection, USP, 50 mg/5mL vial; and 2% Lidocaine HCl Injection, USP, 100 mg/5mL vial due to the potential for presence of glass particulate matter. There is an unlikely probability for serious adverse events, including death, should a patient receive an injectable product found to contain particulate matter identified as glass. Potential complications related to injection of visible and subvisible inert particles include inflammation of a vein, granuloma, and blockage of blood vessels or life-threatening blood clot events. The frequency and severity of these adverse events could vary depending upon a variety of factors including the size and number of particles in the drug product, patient comorbidities (such as age, compromised organ function), and presence or absence of vascular anomalies. The risk is reduced by the possibility of detection, as the label contains a clear statement directing the healthcare professional to visually inspect the product for particulate matter and discoloration prior to administration. To date, Hospira has not received reports of any adverse events associated with this issue for these lots. For more information about this recall, click on the red button "Read Recall" below. BACKGROUND: Sodium Bicarbonate Injection, USP is a sterile, nonpyrogenic, hypertonic solution of sodium bicarbonate (NaHCO3) in water for injection for administration by the intravenous route as an electrolyte replenisher and systemic alkalizer. It is indicated in the treatment of metabolic acidosis which may occur in severe renal disease, uncontrolled diabetes, circulatory insufficiency due to shock or severe dehydration, extracorporeal circulation of blood, cardiac arrest and severe primary lactic acidosis. Sodium bicarbonate is further indicated in the treatment of certain drug intoxications, including barbiturates (where dissociation of the barbiturate-protein complex is desired), in poisoning by salicylates or methyl alcohol and in hemolytic reactions requiring alkalinization of the urine to diminish nephrotoxicity of hemoglobin and its breakdown products. It is also indicated in severe diarrhea which is often accompanied by a significant loss of bicarbonate. Lidocaine Hydrochloride Injection, USP is a sterile, nonpyrogenic solution of an antiarrhythmic agent administered intravenously by either direct injection or continuous infusion. It is available in various concentrations. It is administered intravenously or intramuscularly and is specifically indicated in the acute management of ventricular arrhythmias such as those occurring in relation to acute myocardial infarction, or during cardiac manipulation, such as cardiac surgery. RECOMMENDATIONS:
Wholesalers, hospitals, institutions, and doctors with an existing inventory of a lot which is being recalled should discontinue use, stop distribution and quarantine the product immediately.
If you have further distributed the recalled product, please notify your accounts and/or any additional locations which may have received the recalled product.
Hospitals/Institutions should inform Healthcare Professionals in your organization of this recall.
Health professionals and patients are encouraged to report adverse events or side effects related to the use of these products to the FDA's MedWatch Safety Information and Adverse Event Reporting Program:
Complete and submit the report online.
Download form or call 1-800-332-1088 to request a reporting form, then complete and return to the address on form, or submit by fax to 1-800-FDA-0178.